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Glossary

Please see the Poker Glossary below. These are the different Terms that are used when playing Poker along with a description of each.
A |  B |  C |  D |  E |  F |  G |  H |  I |  J |  K |  L |  M |  N |  O |  P |  Q |  R |  S |  T |  U |  V |  W
A
Aces Full
A full house with three aces and any pair.

Ace-High
A five card hand that contains one Ace, with no straight or flush.

Aces Up
A hand that contains two pairs, one of which is Aces.

Action
Checking/Betting/Raising. A game in which players are playing a lot of pots is considered an "action" game.

Active Player
Any player who is still in the pot.

All-In
When a player bets all his/her chips.: In online poker, you may be deemed all-in when you are disconnected (even if you have chips remaining).

American Airlines
Two Aces.

Ante
Money placed in the pot before the hand is begun.



B
Backdoor
Catching both the turn and river card to make a drawing hand.

Bad Beat
When a hand is beaten by a lucky draw.

Belly Buster
A draw and/or catch to an Inside Straight.

Bet
To place chips into the pot.

Bicycle A straight that is A-2-3-4-5.

Big Blind
A designated amount that is placed by the player sitting in the second position, clockwise from the dealer, before any cards are dealt.

Big Slick
A hand that contains an A-K.

Blank
A board card that doesn't seem to affect the standings in the hand.

Blind
The bet(s) that must be made by the two players sitting directly to the dealer's left which will start the action on the first round of betting. The blinds are posted before any cards are dealt.

Blind Raise
When a player raises without looking at his hand.

Bluff
To make other players believe that one has a better hand than he/she might otherwise have by betting or raising when they do not have the best hand.

Boardcards
The cards that are dealt face-up in a poker game for all players to see. In flop games, five cards are dealt face-up in the centre of the table. In Seven Card Stud, four cards are dealt face-up in front of each player.

Bot
Short for "robot". In a poker context, a program that plays poker online with no (or minimal) human intervention.

Bottom Pair
When a player uses the lowest card on the flop to make a pair with one of his own cards.

Broadway
An Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10).

Bring-In
The forced bet made on the first round of betting by the player who is dealt the lowest card showing in Seven Card Stud and Stud 8 or Better. In Razz (Lowball) it is the highest card showing.

Bring It In
To start the betting on the first round.

Bubble
(1) The point at which only one player must bust out before all others win some money. (2) The person who was unfortunate enough to finish in that position.

Bullets
A pair of Aces.

Bump
To raise.

Burn
In physical poker rooms, the top card of the deck is discarded prior to each round of dealing. The intent is to minimize the risk of cheating by knowing the next card.

Button
Also known as the dealer button, it is a small round disk that is moved from player to player in a clockwise direction following each hand, to theoretically indicate the dealer of each hand.

Buy-In
The minimum amount of money required by a player to sit down in a particular poker game.



C
Call
When a player chooses to match the previous bet.

Call Cold
To call both a bet and raise.

Calling Station
A weak-passive player who calls a lot, but doesn't raise or fold much.

Cap
To take the last of the maximum amount of raises allowed per round of betting.

Case Card
The last card of a certain rank in the deck.

Case Chips
A player's last chips.

Cash Out
To leave a game and convert your chips to cash.

Check
When it's a player's turn to act and there has been no action in front of them and they opt not to bet, they "check".

Check-Raise
When a player first checks and then raises in a betting round.

Chop
To return the blinds to the players who posted them and move on to the next hand if no other players call. It also means to "split the pot".

Collusion
When two or more players conspire to cheat in a poker game.

Come Hand
A drawing hand (from the craps term).

Connector
A hold'em starting hand in which the two cards are one apart in rank.

Community
Cards that are face-up and used by all players.

Counterfeit
To make your hand less valuable because of board cards that duplicate it.

Cowboys
Two Kings.

Crack
To beat a hand, typically a big hand.



D
Dead Blind
In a situation where you have missed your blinds and wish to re-enter the game before your turn to post the big blind. You must post both blinds and the small blind is termed a dead blind, meaning it does not count towards calling a bet.

Dead Man's Hand
Two pair - Aces and Eights

Dead Money
(1) Money contributed to a pot by a player no longer in the pot. (2) A player in a tournament who has no realistic chance of winning.

Deuces
A pair of Twos.

Door Card
This is the first exposed card, or "up" card, in a player's hand in Stud games.

Down Card
Hole cards. Cards that are dealt face down.

Drop
Fold.

Ducks
A pair of Twos.

Draw
To play a hand that is not yet good, but could become so if the right cards come.

Draw Dead
Trying to make a hand that, even if made, will not win the pot.



E
Early Position
Position on a round of betting where the player must act before most of the other players at the table.

Extra Blind
A blind put in by a player just entering the game, returning to the game, or otherwise changing his position at the table.



F
Family Pot
A pot in which all (or almost all) of the players call before the flop.

Fast Play
To play a hand aggressively, betting and raising as much as possible.

Fifth Street
Also known as the "river" card. In flop games, this represents the fifth community card on the table and the final round of betting. In Stud games, this is the fifth card dealt to each player and represents the third round of betting.

Fish
A poor player, one who gives his money away.

Five Card Draw
A poker game in which the player is dealt five cards down. They have one draw to replace them and the best high hand wins the pot.

Five Card Stud
A poker game in which each player is dealt five cards, one down and four up, with betting after 2, 3, 4, & 5 cards.

Flat Call
Calling a bet without raising.

Flop
In Hold'em and Omaha, the first three community cards that are dealt face-up in the centre of the table all at one time. The "flop" also indicates the second round of betting.

Flop Games
Poker games (Hold 'em and Omaha) that are played using community cards that are dealt face up in the centre of the table.

Floorman
An employee of the cardroom who makes rulings and decisions.

Flush
Any five cards of the same suit.

Flush Draw
When a player has four cards in his hand of the same suit and is hoping to draw a fifth to make a flush.

Fold
To throw your hand away when it's your turn to act.

Forced Bet
A required bet that starts the action on the first round of a poker hand.

Four of a Kind
Four cards of the same number or face value ("quads").

Fourth Street
In flop games, it is the fourth community card dealt (also known as "the turn") and represents the third round of betting. In Stud games, it is the fourth card dealt to each player and represents the second round of betting.

Free Roll
One player has a shot at winning an entire pot when he is currently tied with another player.

Full House
Any three cards of the same number or face value, plus any other two cards of the same number or face value.



G
Gap Hand
A starting hand with cards more than one rank apart.

Gut Shot
To draw to and/or hit an inside straight.



H
Hand
A player's best five cards.

Heads-Up
A pot that is being contested by only two players.

High-Low
Split pot games.

Hit
As in "the flop hit me," meaning the flop contains cards that help your hand.

Hold 'em
Also known as Texas Hold 'em, where the players get two down cards and five community cards.

Hole Cards
These are the Down Cards in front of the players.

House
The casino or cardroom that is hosting the poker game.



I
Inside Straight
Four cards which require another between the top and the bottom card to complete a straight.

Implied Odds
Pot odds that do not exist at the moment, but may be included in your calculations because of bets you expect to win if you hit your hand.



J
Jackpot Poker
A form of poker in which the cardroom or casino offers a jackpot to a player who has lost with a really big hand (usually Aces full or better).

Jam
To move all-in in a no-limit (or pot-limit) game.



K
Keep Them Honest
To call at the end of a hand to prevent someone from bluffing.

Key Card
A card that gives you a big draw or makes your hand

Key Hand
In a session or tournament, the one hand that ends up being a turning point for the player, either for better or worse.

Kicker
The highest unpaired side card in a players' hand.

Kick It
Raise.

Kill Pot
A method to stimulate action. It is a forced bet by someone who has just won a pot.

Knock
Check.



L
Ladies
Two Queens.

Late Position
Position on a round of betting where the player must act after most of the other players have acted (usually considered to be the two positions next to the button).

Lay Down Your Hand
When a player folds.

Lead
The first player to bet into a pot.

Leak
A weakness in your game that causes you to win less money than you would otherwise.

Limit Poker
A game that has fixed minimum and maximum betting intervals along with a prescribed number of raises.

Limper
The first player who calls a Blind.

Limp In
To enter the pot by calling rather than raising. (The usual concept of "Limp In" is when the first person to speak just calls the Big Blind.)

Live Blind
An instance where the player puts in a dark bet and is allowed to raise, even if no other player raises. It's also known as an "option".

Live Card(s)
In Stud Games, cards that have not yet been seen and are presumed to still be in play.

Live Hand
A hand that could still win the pot.

Live One
A not so knowledgeable player who plays a lot of hands.

Loose
When a player calls the final bet before the showdown.

Lowball
A player who plays a lot of hands.



M
Made Hand
A hand that doesn't need to improve.

Main Pot
The center pot. Any other bets are placed in a side pot(s) and are contested among the remaining players. This occurs when a player(s) goes all-in.

Make
To make the deck is to shuffle the deck.

Maniac
A player who does a lot of hyper-aggressive raising, betting, and bluffing.

Meet
To meet is to call.

Muck
To discard or throw away your hand.

Minimum Buy-In
The least amount you can start a game with.

Monster
A very big hand. In a tournament, a player who begins to accumulate chips after having a small stack is considered to be a monster.



N
No-Limit
A version of poker in which a player may bet any amount of chips (up to the number in front of him) whenever it is his turn to act.

Nuts
The best possible hand at any point of the game. A hand that cannot be beat.



O
Odds
The probability of making a hand vs. the probability of not making a hand.

Offsuit
Cards of a different suit.

Omaha
A game in which each player is dealt four down cards with five community cards. To make your hand, you must play two cards from your hand and three from the board.

Open
To make the first bet.

Open Ended Straight
Four consecutive cards whereby one additional (consecutive) card is needed at either end to make a straight.

Open Card
A card that is dealt face-up.

Open Pair
A pair that has been dealt face-up.

Option
An option is a Live Blind made in the dark before the cards are dealt. If no one raises, the "option" player may raise the pot.

Out Button
A disc placed in front of a player who wishes to sit out a hand but remain in the game.

Overcard
A card higher than any card on the board.

Overpair
A pocket pair higher than any card on the flop.



P
Pat
A hand that you make on the flop.

Paints
Face or picture cards (Jack, Queen and King).

Pair
Two cards of the same face or number value.

Pass
To fold.

Pay Off
To call on the final round of betting when you may or may not think you have the best hand.

Picture Cards
Face cards (Jack, Queen and King).

Play Back
To raise or re-raise another player's bet.

Playing the Board
In flop games when your best five card hand is all five of the community cards.

Pocket
The down cards or hole cards.

Pocket Rockets
A pair of Aces in the pocket or hole.

Position
Where a player is seated in relation to the dealer, therefore establishing that player's place in the betting order.

Post
When you post a bet, you place your chips in the pot.

Pot
The money or chips in the centre of a table that players try to win.

Pot-Committed
A state where you are essentially forced to call the rest of your stack because of the size of the pot and your remaining chips.

Pot Limit
This is a game where the maximum bet can equal the pot.

Pot Odds
The amount of money in the pot compared to the amount you must put in the pot to continue playing.

Price
The pot odds you are getting for a draw or call.

Push
When the dealer pushes the chips to the winning player at the end of a hand. It's also when dealers rotate to other tables.

Put Down
To fold a hand.

Put On
To mentally assign a hand to a player for the purposes of playing out your hand.



Q
Quads
Four of a kind.

Qualifier
In High-Low games, it is a requirement the Low hand must meet to win the pot.



R
Rack
A tray that holds 100 poker chips in five stacks of twenty chips each.

Rainbow
A flop that contains three different suits, thus no flush can be made on the turn.

Raise
To increase the previous bet.

Rake
Chips taken from the pot by the cardroom for compensation for hosting the game.

Rank
The value of each card and hand.

Rap
When a player knocks on the table indicating that he/she has checked.

Re-buy
The amount of money a player pays to add a fixed number of chips to his/her stack in a tournament.

Re-Raise
To raise a raise.

Ring Game
A regular poker game as opposed to a tournament.

River
This is the last card given in all games. In Hold'em and Omaha, it is also known as 5th street. In Stud games, it is also known as 7th street.

Rock
A player who plays very tight, not very creatively.

Round of Betting
This is when players have the opportunity to bet, check or raise. Each round of betting ends when the last bet or raise has been called.

Rounders
Poker plays who hustle for a living.

Royal Flush
This is an Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10) of the same suit. It is the best possible hand in poker.



S
Satellite
It is a mini-tournament to gain an entry into a larger tournament.

Scare Card
A card that may well turn the best hand into trash.

Seating List
A waiting list. A player would put his or her name on this list if there were no seats at the table at which they wish to play.

Second Pair
In flop games, when you pair the second highest card on the board. See - To call.

Seven Card Stud
A well-known poker game in which players get three down cards and four up cards. You play the best five of those seven cards. Click here for information on Seven Card Stud.

Seventh Street
This is the final round of betting in Seven Card Stud and Stud 8 or Better.

Shills
Shills are paid props who help start and maintain poker games.

Short Stack
A number of chips that is not very many compared to the other players at the table.

Showdown
At the end of the final betting round, it's when all active players turn their cards face-up to see who has won the pot.

Side Pot
A separate pot(s) which is contested by remaining active players when one or more players are all-in.

Sixth Street
In Seven Card Stud, this is the fourth "up" card dealt to the player (their 6th card). It is also the 4th round of betting.

Soft-Play
To go easy on another player at the table (e.g., not betting or raising against him).

Solid
A fairly tight player (and reasonably good).

Small Blind
The amount put in the pot by the person immediately to the left of the dealer "button" prior to the cards being dealt.

Speed Limit
A pair of fives.

Splash the Pot
To toss chips directly into the pot rather than put them in a stack in front of you.

Split
Tie.

Stack
A pile of chips.

Stay
When a player remains in the game by calling rather than raising.

Straddle
A straddle is a Blind bet which is usually double the size of the Big Blind (and that player may raise when the action gets to him).

Straight
Five consecutive cards of any suit.

Straight Flush
Five consecutive cards of the same suit.

Stop-and-Go
A play where you call (rather than re-raising) a raise, but then come out betting on the next card.

String Bet
A bet (more typically a raise) in which a player doesn't get all the chips required for the raise into the pot in one motion.

Structure
The limits put on the blinds/ante, bets, and raises in any particular game.

Stud Games
Games in which players get down cards and up cards.

Stuck
A player who is losing in a game.

Suited
A hold'em starting hand in which the two cards are the same suit.



T
Table Stakes
A rule in a poker game meaning that a player may not go into his pocket for money during a hand.

Tell
A clue or hint that a player unknowingly gives about the strength of his hand, his next action, etc.

Texas Hold'em
This is also the name for Hold'em, the most popular form of poker.

Third Street
In Seven Card Stud and Seven Card Stud 8 or Better, this is the first betting round on the first three cards.

Thirty Miles
Three tens.

Three of a Kind
Three cards of the same number or face value. Also known as "Trips"

Tight
A player who doesn't play many pots. A tight game is one that doesn't have much action.

Tilt
To play wildly or recklessly.

To Go
The amount a player must call if he wishes to continue playing.

Top Pair
In flop games, when the player pairs one of his down cards with the highest card on board.

Treys
A pair of threes.

Trips
Three of a kind.

Turn
In flop games, this is the fourth card dealt. It is the third round of betting.

Two Pair
A hand consisting of two different pairs.



U
Under the Gun
The position of the player who acts first on a betting round.

Up Card
A card that is dealt face-up.

Underdog
A person or hand not mathematically favoured to win a pot.



V
Value
As in "bet for value." This means that you would actually like your opponents to call your bet (as opposed to a bluff).

Variance
A measure of the up and down swings your bankroll goes through.



W
Walking Sticks
A pair of sevens.

Wheel
A straight from ace through five.

Wild Card
A card that can be played as any value.

Worst Hand
A losing hand.
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